India has 12 major ports administered by the Central Government, and 205 notified non-major ports along its 7,517 km coastline. India’s infrastructure sector, particularly the maritime sector, is expected to grow significantly with increase in international and domestic trade volumes.
About 95% of India's external trade by volume is handled by maritime transport and hence, there is a continuous need to develop and modernize India's ports and port related infrastructure. The improvement in port infrastructure will not only assist in growth of manufacturing activity in the country, but also help in realizing goals of 'Make in India' initiative.
The Ministry of Ports, Shipping & Waterways (MoPSW), Government of India (GoI) has planned to increase overall port handling capacity to over 3,300 Million Tonnes per Annum (MTPA) by 2025, to cater the growing port traffic that is projected to reach 2,500 MTPA for the same period. A major part of the targeted port handling capacity of 3,300 MTPA will come from new ports. The three key reasons for focus of government on development of new ports are as follows:
India’s integration into global value chains require a well-established port infrastructure, that entails developing state-of-the-art new ports as well as modernizing existing ports and terminals including their digitization. GoI aims at implementation of world class digital infrastructure at the existing and upcoming ports which include full mechanisation of cargo handling and movement at ports
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