With over 17.5 per cent of the world’s population1 as per the Census 2011, India’s population pyramid is expected to ‘bulge’ across the 15 to 64 age brackets. There’s a growth in the working age population and thus has become a “demographic bonus” where working age population is higher than that of the total population.
In line with the pan-India forecast of significant requirement of skilled manpower, the Government of India (GoI) focuses to impart the necessary skills to 400 million people by 2022. National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) has projected an incremental requirement of 347 million personnel (skilled and unskilled) in 21 high-growth sectors by 2022.
On the skill training side, India has 11,964 industrial training institutes (ITIs) and more than 2,000 polytechnics. The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), set up in 2009, has facilitated private sector participation in the training space and more than 200 training partners and 3000 training centres are associated with the NSDC. The National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) has created 37 Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) to develop common standards across the skills landscape to facilitate industry involvement and ensure needs-based skilling.
A Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) was created in 2014 in order to ensure synergized and convergent efforts in skill development. The GoI has also launched multiple initiatives such as National Skill Development Mission, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Policy 2015, Common Norms and Standards for Schemes implemented by different central ministries, New Skill Loan Scheme and the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) to promote skill development in the country.
The Indian Maritime University (IMU) was established to play a key role in the development of trained human resource for the maritime sector. IMU focuses to facilitate and promote maritime studies, training, research and extension work with focus on emerging areas of studies like oceanography, maritime history, maritime laws, maritime security, search and rescue, transportation of dangerous cargo, environmental studies and other related fields. The programmes offered will groom youngsters and existing maritime personnel to excel in their area of duties in all disciplines of maritime sector viz navigational, marine engineering, port management, maritime commerce, maritime law, marine science, ship handling and inland water transportation.
Despite an advantageous demographic dividend, demand and availability of training facilities, challenges exist due to the low level of vocational training, high proportion of school dropouts and huge informal workforce. The need for fresh skilling, up-skilling/ re-skilling of the existing work force is required to make them compatible with the change in industry needs.
With regards to skill development in coastal regions a three-pronged approach has been adopted under the Sagarmala Programme:
Skill training programs for job roles in Ports and Maritime Sector aim to develop the human capital for achieving the “port-led development” agenda. In this regard, the Minister of State for Ports, Shipping & Waterways (I/C), through the NSDC and Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, is planning to conduct a skill gap analysis in 21 coastal districts covering the major ports to identify the skill requirements in the ports and maritime sector and develop a training implementation roadmap based on its results.
The second focus area is to promote skill training and livelihood generation programs (non-maritime sector related) in coastal districts to further skill base and employment opportunities for the coastal communities. In this regard, the Minister of State for Ports, Shipping & Waterways (I/C) approved funding in FY 15-16, for Phase 1 of the coastal districts skill training program under the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) Scheme of the Ministry of Rural Development. 27 coastal districts were covered under this program across two Phases.
The third focus area involves providing access to the training facilities of major ports to third party skill training programs in the coastal districts. This will lead to effective utilisation of existing skill training facilities. In this regard, The Minister of State for Ports, Shipping & Waterways (I/C) is currently collecting the details of the facilities available at the major ports, which, once compiled, will be shared with NITI Aayog and Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship for future reference.
Major event partners who are organizing and supporting MIS 2021
Copyright © Maritime India Summit . All Rights Reserved.